Brakes use friction on both sides of the wheel. The collective pressure on the wheel converts the kinetic energies of the moving object into heat. Regenerative braking, for example, converts a lot of the energy into electrical energy that can be stored later. Eddy current brakes use magnetic fields to convert kinetic energy into electric current within the brake disc, blade or rail. This is then converted into heat.
These are the most popular types of modern car braking systems. It is important to identify which braking systems are best suited for your vehicle to make repairs and maintain it.
Hydraulic brake system:
The system relies on friction, brake fluid, and cylinders. Glycol ethers and diethylene glycol create pressure inside the brake pads, causing them to stop the wheels from moving.
* The hydraulic braking system generates more force than the mechanical system.
* Hydraulic braking system is considered one of the modern vehicles’ most important braking systems.
The hydraulic braking system has a lower chance of brake failure. There is a lower chance of brake failure due to the direct connection between the actuator and brake disc/drum.
Electromagnetic brake system:
Many modern hybrid and modern vehicles have electromagnetic braking systems. The electromagnetic braking system works on the principle of electromagnetism to achieve frictionless braking. This increases the reliability and life span of brakes. Traditional braking systems can slip, while the quick magnetic brakes prevent this from happening. This technology is ideal for hybrids because it doesn’t require friction or lubrication. It is also smaller than traditional braking systems. It is mostly used on trams and trains.
For electromagnetic brakes to work, magnetic flux must be passed in a direction parallel to the rotating direction. We see rapid current flow opposite to the wheel’s rotation. This creates an opposite force to wheel rotation and slows the wheel down.
The advantages of the electromagnetic brake system:
* Fast and inexpensive electromagnetic braking
* With electromagnetic braking, there are no maintenance costs other than replacing the brake shoes frequently.
* The system can be made more efficient by using electromagnetic brakes (electromagnetic braking). This is useful for high speeds and heavy loads.
* The running cost of energy is decreased when a portion of it is delivered to the supply.
* With electromagnetic braking, only a small amount of heat is generated. However, mechanical braking produces immense heat on the brake shoes. This can lead to brake failure.
Servo braking systems:
Also called vacuum or a vacuum-assisted brake. This system increases the pressure that the driver applies to the pedal.
They use the vacuum produced by petrol engines’ intake pipes or via a vacuum pump for diesel engines.
A brake uses power assistance to decrease the effort required by the user. Engine vacuum is used in cars to flex large diaphragms and control the control cylinder.
* Used with hydraulic brake system boosters. Practically, the size of the wheel and the cylinder are the same. Vacuum boosters improve the braking force.
* Pressing the brake pedal will release the vacuum from the booster’s side. The diaphragm is pushed to braking the wheel by the difference in air pressure.
Mechanical brake system:
The mechanical braking system powers the emergency brake and hand brake. This type of brake system is one in which the brake force applied to the pedal is carried to the disc rotor or final brake drum by various mechanical linkages such as cylindrical rods, fulcrums and springs. To stop the vehicle.
Although mechanical brakes were once common in older automobiles, they are now considered archaic due to their lower effectiveness.
Types Of Brakes:
A disc brake is a device that slows down or stops a wheel’s rotation. The disc brake is usually made from cast iron, but it can also be made of carbon-carbon and ceramic-matrix composites. This link is to the wheel or the axle. Brake pads are used to stop the wheel. Friction on the disc wheel can cause it to slow down or stop.
A drum brake is a traditional break where friction is created by a set of pads pressing against a rotating drum-shaped piece called a brake drum.
A drum brake is a brake where shoes press against the drum’s inner surface. It is a brake in which the drum is held between two shoes. This is similar to a standard disc brake, but it is rare.